Home / General / Class Warfare

Class Warfare


Again, the central premise of the contemporary Republican Party is that people making $400K+ a year are living a hardscrabble existence, while a teacher or police officer making $50 K a year is enjoying a pampered life of unimaginable luxury.

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Google+
  • Linkedin
  • Pinterest
  • c u n d gulag

    That’s ALL we’re going to hear from now on – Obama is waging “class warfare!”

    I actually hope that they keep using the term.

    Maybe some of the ‘morans’ out there will finally realize that they’ve been collateral damage in that class war for a long, long time.

    I’m wondering if Luntz will try to put the class warfare term together with racist dog whistle words and call this ‘The New Civil War?’ or, maybe ‘Civil Warfare?’

    • Leeds man

      Maybe some of the ‘morans’ out there will finally realize that they’ve been collateral damage in that class war for a long, long time.

      Seven thousand years and counting, I doubt the epiphany is imminent.

    • I actually hope that they keep using the term.

      No kidding.

      Like in 2008, when Team Red decided to spend a month telling everybody that Barack Obama wanted to spread the wealth.

    • DrDick

      I only wish it were true and that Obama had decided to declare war on our pampered rentier investor class which has sucked the life out of the economy over the past 30 years.

  • Malaclypse

    As has been pointed out elsewhere, of his gross revenues are $6.3M, then if he has no other expenses besides those hypothetical employees, then average comp/employee is $12.6K, including employer payroll taxes. Assume 5% SUTA burden, which is damn low for low-end jobs, and take-home/emp is somewhere around 11.2K/emp. 2080 working hours, and pay is about $5.40/hour, or well south of minimum wage.

    Keep in mind that this hypothetical excludes his 400K comp, or any operating costs such as rent, postage, or electricity.

    So if he actually has 500 employees, or anywhere near that number, he has confessed to massive wage-and-hour violations.

    • Hogan

      He’s “running” some2 Suw

      • Hogan


        According to the interviewer, he’s “running” some Subway sandwich shops and UPS stores. I’m guessing very few of those employees are full time. But hey, dude’s creating jobs! Bow down before the one you serve! And no tipping.

        • Holden Pattern

          The only reason you can’t call his “jobs” McJobs is because of trademark infringement.

          Dudes a goddamn franchisee. Someone else TAUGHT him how to run his business, does his marketing, comes up with his product offerings. There’s not anything that he offers other than capital, time and some relatively trivial management skills. Does anyone know where he got that?

          • PhoenixRising

            Um, the SBA for $200, Alex?

            Seriously, I’ve always wanted to franchise something. Franchises are not significantly less likely to fail than local businesses with the same product or service that are not part of a chain, but they are about eleventy times easier to get a federally backed low interest loan to start.

            Hey, somebody should look into that. If a solar manufacturer first funded in 2007 is an Obama admin scandal when it fails, I wonder what kind of scandal material ‘LA GOP house member got all his seed capital from taxpayers’ would…oh, never mind.

        • Malaclypse

          Okay, so if he is running sub shops, then his food expenses had damn well better be at least 1/3 of that 6.3M. So Gross Margin after CoGS is 4.2M. His comp is 400K, leaving 3.8M. If he has no other costs whatsoever, Gross Pay to employees would be about 3.35M. If he has the equivalent of 250 full-time employees, then they make, at most 6.44/hour. 200 FTEs is 8 bucks/hour, if he has no other expenses. As it is a franchise, he pays franchise fees.

          So, unless he is breaking the law, he can’t have more than about 100-150 FTEs.

          • Malaclypse

            Oh, and all of that assumes he does not offer any health benefits. I feel that that was a reasonable assumption on my part.

            • Hogan

              It’s certainly consistent with the known facts.

              But he doesn’t seem to be saying his comp is $400K; he seems to be saying that after he “feeds his family” (which I take to mean “rakes off as much as he cares to spend”), he has only $400K to plow back into the business for new locations, equipment upgrades, etc. (Obviously raises and benefits would not count as produtive investments.) As if he were converting a production line from conventional cars to hybrids, or trucks to APCs. How many more generic fast food outlets and shitty jobs does Louisiana need?

              But yeah, 500 employees sounds like what he tells the other guys in his foursome, not an actual head count.

              • Malaclypse

                But he doesn’t seem to be saying his comp is $400K; he seems to be saying that after he “feeds his family” (which I take to mean “rakes off as much as he cares to spend”), he has only $400K to plow back into the business for new locations, equipment upgrades, etc.

                I read “feeding his family” less charitably.

                Either way, definitely bullshit on 500 employees.

              • Who lives in Louisiana and eats at Subway? Republicans, I guess, which demonstrates that not only do they mostly vote against self interest, they eat that way too.

                • Matt T.

                  I live in the French Quarter, where there are two Subways and both get a lot of business from tourists and locals alike. They’re cheaper than the multitude of mom-and-pop stores, and at the end of a hard week putting up with drunken assholes from Des Moines, that counts for a lot.

                • Spokane Moderate

                  I live in LA and eat at Subway. It’s one of the few places, chain or local, that doesn’t deep-fry everything on the goddamn menu.

          • NonyNony

            I’ll bet his 500 employees are mostly part-time employees, if we’re talking sub-shops and UPS stores.

            And… I wouldn’t be surprised if he treated his sub shop employees as “tipped employees” either – has them stick out a tip jar so he can shaft them on their wages. Sure it’s not legal, but I’d imagine in Louisiana nobody is going to go after him for it.

            • Malaclypse

              That’s really part-time – like 12-15 hours/week on average. His math is very problematical.

              • NonyNony

                Oh yeah, I’m sure his math is wrong and he’s pumping up the numbers to sounds like a big man – employing 500 people sounds a lot better than employing 250 people. Which if most of his staff is half-time 20 hours a week high-school/college kid/second job employees and he employs some full time managers, seems to at least get closer to the right ballpark.

                But it’s not outside the realm of possibility that he’s paying sub-minimum wages and telling his part-time employees that they’re “tipped” employees. I knew shady franchise owners who pulled that crap back in the 90s (when I worked crappy franchise jobs) and they always managed to get employees to work for a dollar or so less an hour in exchange for a jar with the word “TIPS” scribbled on it. Cheapskates.

  • Hob

    Even if you ignore the absurd math and the hideously inappropriate self-pity, isn’t there a more basic problem with his premise? He’s saying, I think, that you shouldn’t raise taxes on business owners with incomes of $X million, because after you take out the operating expenses of the business, the owner’s income is really “only” $Y thousand. But– please correct me if I’m wrong– there’s no way he would be paying income tax on the original $X million, is there? Aren’t the operating expenses deducted?

    • Holden Pattern

      This doublespeak is the foundation of the “small business” lie around income taxes.

    • Malaclypse


      If his company is an S-corp, then the profit, after expenses, goes onto his 1040 as a Schedule K1, and he pays tax at the rates of ordinary income as an individual, while the corporation itself pays nothing (this is not nefarious, and most small businesses file this way). Also, most actual owners of small businesses have some clue as to how many employees they have.

      If his company is a C-Corp, then the company pays corporate income tax, at absurdly low corporate tax rates, on profit only, while he pays tax on his wages and dividends. But the dividends are DOUBLE TAXATION!!!, which is socialism!!!, unless it is the poor paying sales and payroll taxes.

      But to be less of a geek, you only pay taxes on profit, not on gross revenue, except for Washington State business taxes, and perhaps some state-level stuff I don’t know about. But feds, profit only.

      • PhoenixRising

        A number of states besides WA are now taking a gross receipts tax. My business transacts only in our home state (which charges this form of tax) and only with out of state companies, which are exempt from it. So the income owners derive from the business (whether dividends, profits or however you characterize based on internal business structure) is personal income, taxed at their personal rates.

        The federal taxes on the business are on income AFTER all the expenses this assclown is listing. So in brief, he’s raising his profile for the Tumbrel Pickup Service here.

        Under today’s tax and business structure codes, you’re only paying the dreaded “double taxation” if you’re a fool about how you own your business. There are lots and lots of alternatives.

        • Malaclypse

          Yea, I remembered Ohio and Michigan as soon as I posted.

          Gross Receipts taxes actually are a bad thing, IMO. If you have two businesses with the same revenue, and one pays 10 bucks an hour, and the other 20, they really should not pay the same state taxes. That is a really perverse incentive.

          • Hogan

            There’s a local one in Philadelphia. For now at least.

          • I want to agree with you, but on the other hand the company that’s paying $10 an hour isn’t necessarily going to show greater profits. They’re likelier to be paying that money to their CEO, for example. Or spending it on something deductible, so that it goes to absolutely anything but taxes.

            My mom, for example, is extremely conservative and owns a plumbing company. She once told me that, if she’s anticipating showing a profit for a given year, she’d rather buy a truck that the company doesn’t really need than have that profit taxed. ^_^

            • Malaclypse

              on the other hand the company that’s paying $10 an hour isn’t necessarily going to show greater profits.

              True, but I was making an all-else-equal assumption for the sake of an example.

              She once told me that, if she’s anticipating showing a profit for a given year, she’d rather buy a truck that the company doesn’t really need than have that profit taxed.

              See, that’s just stupid. If your profit might be 20K, then fed taxes would be 15%, or $3,000, leaving you with $17,000. Spending 20K on a truck that you don’t need to save 3K in taxes is really dumb.

              • Yes but you see, taxation is theft. Theft!

              • Mikey

                Malaclypse is right about the math on this one. There is no way this dude has that many employees on 6.5M gross.
                My bride and I have an S corp doing 2.5M gross and 5 FT employees. Together we take 110K at most home when all the crying is over. Yea, there’s some savings, and no debt – but hey!
                Oh, and our accountant (a Republican) tells us to “buy a Hummer” at the end of every year. It’s like a rule with those guys. We pay the frieght on the profit because Mal is right about that “buy a truck” bullshit too.

                • DrDick

                  My thought at this point is that that is how many he has over the course of a year. A lot of those places have a high turnover and, with an asshole like this as boss, his are likely higher.

            • Anonymous

              No offense to your mother, who I’m sure is otherwise a wonderful person, but this is the adult equivalent of wolfing down half a cake just so none of the other kids at the party can have any.

              Except its much dumber, because you don’t even get cake.

              • Murc

                God dammit, that was me. Ever since they changed how our browsers cache at work I’ve been doing this a lot more.

          • Holden Pattern

            It’s effectively a sales tax; so I would imagine it has the same effect a sales tax would.

  • Holden Pattern

    I think a significant part of the unspoken ethos of contemporary American politics is what I’ll call the constructed moral event horizon — constructed by several decades of conscious effort on the part of the far right and their abettors in corporate media.

    People making a half-million dollars a year are beyond the constructed moral event horizon for moral and economic virtue, and their wealth is automatically deserved because there’s so much of it, how could it be otherwise. They must not be touched by taxes or regulation, because to tax or regulate them would be… hrm… sullying their inherent virtue. It’s a moral argument, sometimes framed in loosely economic terms –see the newly-ubiquitous term “job-creators” which automatically assumes that “jobs” are a form of noblesse oblige that only these virtuous wealthy can bestow, as long as their virtue is appropriately respected. Ordinary working people are sinful, unredeemed, which is plain to see given that they are not wealthy. It’s worse when they work for the government, because the government interferes with the natural, morally ordained order by sullying the virtue of the wealthy elect and claiming that they must pay taxes — giving more or differently than their natural virtue and inherently sound judgment would otherwise require .

    There are similar effects for the banksters and the war criminals — they’ve passed the constructed event horizon beyond which they are effectively immune from the consequences of their actions, and in fact, it’s right and proper that the blame be shifted to those who are lower in standing and therefore less inherently virtuous. It’s also no accident that there is a significant overlap, if not a complete unity, of identity among the virtuous wealthy on the one hand, and the banksters, the extractive industry rentiers, and the war criminals.

    • efgoldman

      constructed by several decades of conscious effort on the part of the far right and their abettors in corporate media.

      I need to get away from the screen more. i read that as “abbattoires.”

    • Bighank53

      I see you’ve encountered the Church of the Free Market.

    • Ed Marshall

      I think there is something going on with the moral component, but I think most of them believe something more causalistic: That income tax is a sort of pigovian behavior motivator and that the rational economic actor will just say “screw it”, and live on welfare in order not to pay taxes. It’s wrong if you spend more than five seconds thinking about it, but conservative are obsessed with incentives and punishments.

  • Jonas

    If you look at the actual quote, he ‘only’ makes $400,000 AFTER paying for housing and food. So you really have to feel for the guy.

    • Hogan

      Seriously, he’s never going to get the hotels on Boardwalk and Park Place with chump change like that.

    • mark f

      Reminds me of the Chicago Law guy who said, basically, “How can I be rich? Once you take out living expenses, two nice cars, paying my maid and landscaper, my kids’ private school tuition, several nice vacations a year and a deposit into my savings account, I hardly have anything left over!”

      • elm

        That guy remains more clueless than this Congressman, who only ‘deducted’ food and shelter, obvious necessities, from his “income.” The law school guy wouldn’t even allow us to count his voluntary savings as disposable income, let alone his vacations, let alone his lifestyle choices to have Mercedeses (plural, IIRC), private school, and household help.

        • Malaclypse

          That’s another thing – dude runs a sub shop, and it sounds like he is deducting personal groceries as a business expense. That would be felony tax fraud, if he is.

          • firefall

            why would you doubt that he is?

            • Malaclypse

              Because I don’t have any actual proof of a felony.

              But I know which way I would bet.

          • elm

            I read his comment as similar to that law school idiot: not that he was claiming that he had 400k in taxable income (i.e., he was deducting personal food costs as business expenses) but that he had 400k in disposable income (i.e., after paying for necessities like food and shelter.) This doesn’t make his comment less stupid, but certainly less illegal.

  • The Lockean justification for private property is that the owner mixes his labor with the land or other resources, which thereby become his. That was horseshit in 1688 and it’s horseshit now as this congressman’s plaint reveals. The whole point of private property is to be able to get the surplus from the property without mixing in any labor whatsoever. The Whig landowners who maintained their sacred right to enormous estates by citing Locke were no more hypocritical than this Congressman, who may very well never have heard of Locke, but exalts his ownership of Subway franchises on a similar basis. Or maybe he could appeal to a suitably revised bit of Kant: “Nothing in the world is truly and unreservedly good except unearned income.”

    • BradP

      While there is no universal moral rule for property appropriation by the individual from the commons, this is absurd:

      “The whole point of private property is to be able to get the surplus from the property without mixing in any labor whatsoever.”

  • I think Obama specifically mentioning millionaires in this proposal is the best idea to come out of the DLC….excuse me, the White House, since his inauguration.

    • Njorl

      I think maintaining at least the appearance of class warfare is the Dems only hope in 2012. It would be nice if they actually engaged in it, but I can’t imagine that happening.

      • witless chum

        It’d be nice if this realization could have occurred before the midterms.

        I’m sure Wall Street has been assured that he doesn’t really mean it, but that’s what kills me about the Democrats, that they refuse to do things that would seem to me (admittedly sitting in Michigan, where we still have some self-respect) would be politically popular. Jennifer Granholm won a second term as governor in 2006 partly through commercials that tied her opponent, Dick DeVos, to George W. Bush and a cartoon elephant who sends jobs overseas. Now, Dick DeVos has the charisma of the average Grand Rapids pyramid scheme heir, but that stuff seems to work, at least in the upper Midwest.

  • bobbyp

    I’ll bet none of you naysayers, NONE OF YOU, has ANY conception of what it’s like to scrape by on only $400,000 per year. Ingrates.

    • Multiple times I’ve had some upper-class dude who thinks his money doesn’t equal privilege tell me how so very hard it is to have to manage millions of dollars of income a year, and how sometimes he wishes he was middle class because life would be so much simpler.

      But they never take me up on an offer to trade salaries. Weird, huh?

    • DrDick

      I somehow manage on a little more than 1/10th of that without serious complaint.

      • Malaclypse

        Yes, but you teach, which means you are a lucky duckie at that salary. How many shitty jobs did you create?

        • elm

          Do my RAs and TAs count? What if I got a grant to pay for the former?

          • Malaclypse

            Do my RAs and TAs count?

            As shitty jobs? Maybe. They only count if the grant was from the private sector, as we all know the public sector cannot create a single job.

            Until we know the source of the grant, they are Schrödinger’s Assistants, existing in a state of Quantum Indeterminacy, neither employed nor unemployed, or possibly both at once.

            • NBarnes

              they are Schrödinger’s Assistants, existing in a state of Quantum Indeterminacy, neither employed nor unemployed, or possibly both at once.

              I’m sure most RA and TAs feel that this about describes the truth of their situations.

    • *raising hand*


      The barnacles on my cigarette boat won’t scrape themselves!

  • bobbyp

    If I could levy a tax of $1/year on every auto/pickup that is written off as a “business expense”, but realy is driven mostly for personal use, why I bet knocking down $400K/yr. would be the low end of the gross income range.

  • Martinelli

    And don’t forget: everyone who receives unemployment is a slacker too.

  • BradP

    Are the tax increases just the expiration of the Bush tax cuts and limited deductions?

    The limited deductions are a good way of broadening the tax base (a typically conservative ideal) with broad public appeal. If republicans submarine that in order to protect the Bush tax cuts, I bet they will take a well-deserved beating.

  • CJColucci

    How come they call it “class warfare” only when you’re fighting for the losing side?

    • Stag Party Palin

      How can they call it “class warfare” when the other side has no class?

  • people making $400K+ a year are living a hardscrabble existence, while a teacher or police officer making $50 K a year is enjoying a pampered life of unimaginable luxury.

    …while a waitress or a landscaper making $23,000 is so flush that he needs to have his taxes raised, because none of that person’s taxes are called “federal income taxes.”

  • You realize of course that you’re peddling a myth? His full quote was:

    “Yeah, that’s before you pay 500 employees, you pay rent, you pay equipment and food. The actual net income of that was only a mere fraction of that amount….I would say that since my net income, and again, that’s the individual rate that I told you about, the amount that I have to re-invest in my business, and feed my family is more like $600,000 of that $6.3 million, and so by the time I feed my family, I have maybe $400,000 left over to invest in new locations, upgrade my locations, buy more equipment, all of that.”

    So, he wants to invest in jobs and America, and if taxes go any higher on him, he won’t be able to, because he’ll be sending that money that he invests instead to DC, where it’ll cycle through several politicians and bureaucrats, and maybe a nickle or two of it will go do doing something productive.

    The central premise of the Republicans, like him, is that society- everyone, poor and rich- benefit by letting people be free and productive, and conversely, that things are worse off when the government loots people to redistribute wealth through political means. By misquoting him, you missed all that, didn’t you? Is this what passes for intelligence on this side of things?

    • Malaclypse

      Except he does not have 500 employees. Since he led off with a lie, and a lie that only someone with no basic math skills (like, Cthulhu preserve us, a conservative high school teacher) could find at all plausible, then it is a reasonable belief that the words following the obvious lie are also lies.

    • Malaclypse

      Oh, also:

      I have maybe $400,000 left over to invest in new locations, upgrade my locations, buy more equipment, all of that.”

      So, he wants to invest in jobs and America, and if taxes go any higher on him, he won’t be able to,

      In the real world, all of those are what experts call “tax-deductible business expenses.” So if tax rates rise, then his marginal propensity to invest will rise, not fall, all else being equal. See Triplanetary’s mom, above, as an example. At high tax rates, her decision makes sense.

      • Don’t confuse it with facts.

    • wengler

      Thank you Conservative Teacher, now teach us how people buy his shitty sandwiches with no money.

      There is a case to be made that an industrial society with massive immigration/birthrate can survive such an inequitable society for awhile.

      But an economy dominated by services? No way. And this is after bleeding tens of billions of dollars a month in trade funded by debt.

    • So, he wants to invest in jobs and America

      False premise.

    • He has a ten percent net income?


      And he’s bitching?

      The average firm in America pulls down around 6% of revenues net.

      So he ought to pay the extra 4% in taxes, wouldn’t you agree, before he starts whiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiining like a butthurt biatch, hmmmmmmmmmmmmmm?

  • Are you a freaking moron- posting that ‘he doesn’t have 500 employees’? He owns his own family medical practice, he owns 33 Subway sandwich shops in northern Louisiana, and owns Fleming Expansions, LLC, a regional developer for The UPS Store. I haven’t been through his taxes myself (and I didn’t see you quote your sources, or for that matter any details), but that sounds like a fair estimate for businesses of those sizes. So, back up and quote your sources before you start posting your stupid noise on here.

    • Malaclypse

      At 6.3M annual gross revenue, he does not have 500 employees. Full stop.

      • DrDick

        Of course you are assuming that he is actually complying with federal law on these matters. As he is a Republican, that is not a given.

    • Ed Marshall

      This is a division problem, it’s not that hard.

      • Malaclypse

        It is for conservative teachers, apparently.

        And I did the division for him upthread, so even basic reading is beyond his skill set.

        • MAJeff

          Math is a liberal plot. Faith is all we need for anything.

  • Being the masochist that I am, I popped on over to the oxymoron’s conservative teacher’s site. It is a bad as you might fear, so please save yourself the trouble.

  • So, in summary, this post was based on a misquote, and the full quote reveals an entirely different point, and everyone that just ate up the misquote and original point were fools. After correcting this and pointing it out, you then engaged in character assassination, name-calling, and idle speculation based on no facts.

    I guess whatever I write is a leg up on this sort of horse poop, eh? HA HA HA, you all suck…

    • Malaclypse

      No, it is based on his claim that, on 6.3M gross revenue, he has 500 employees. There is also some stuff about what is and is not an allowable business expense, but we don’t expect you to follow that. Baby steps. Read slowly, and try and follow basic math. It may help if you take notes, and use a calculator. $6.3M in revenue is not sufficient to support 500 employees, not even at the minimum wage you want abolished.

      I know, math is hard. But someday you will master the skills possessed by most sixth-graders. If you practice. Which you won’t.

    • MAJeff

      idle speculation based on no facts.

      Hold on, we’re not talking about creationism.

      • Malaclypse

        Or Austrian economics.

        • DrDick

          Or Republican policies.

    • Leeds man

      you all suck…

      Well of course. We don’t get our science updates from Financial Post or Wall Street Journal opinion pieces. Are those the sources you recommend to your students?

    • Hey, those goal posts used to be a lot closer, son.

      What do you teach, anyway? Art?

      Do your students ride the short bus?

      • Mark

        All right, lets not ridicule kids with special needs just to ridicule some clown who says he or she is a teacher.

  • exlitigator

    Don’t forget that according to Cockie Roberts on NPR this morning, a teacher and a policeman together make close to 250 K, which was why Obama’s first tax proposal was so harmful to the middle class.

    • Which teacher and which policeman?

    • MPAVictoria

      Holy shit! I fucking wish.

    • NBarnes

      125k for a teacher or policeman? I call shenanigans.

      • Murc

        That’s maybe, maybe, MAYBE legit. My mother taught (teacher, moved into administration) and has many colleagues still in the classroom whose pre-benefits compensation is six digits.

        These are, of course, people who have been teaching for close to forty years in a wealthy suburban district, some of them department heads, who are very close to the end of their professional lives. They sure as hell weren’t clearing 125k during their thirties, not even if you talk about their total compensation rather than salaries.

        I understand (and someone correct me here) that it can work the same way for cops; someone in his late fifties/early sixties who has been on the force since he was 25 can be pulling down an EXTREMELY nice chunk of change.

        Of course, such people are hardly representative, and even if they were (which we can only pray someday is the case) then the point is that they wouldn’t be middle class anymore! If your household is clearing 250k a year you are upper class.

        • Taxable income, though? Any proposal to tax incomes over $250,000 means taxable income over $250,000, not gross income totaling 250K +, no?

          • Malaclypse

            Exactly. taxable income of 250K ~ actual income of 300K.

        • mark f

          But Roberts’s point wasn’t that a cherry-picked teacher and cherry-picked cop might, if they were married to each other, combine to earn about $250k in some years; it was that, hey, practically everyone makes $250k, amirite?

          It’s actually a typical conservative trope. Find an article about a politically-connected cop who has a bloated salary and access to the cushiest overtime details, and you’ve found a cop who pulls in $200k. Then write an article saying either, “$200,000 is rich? That’s what a cop makes!,” or “Public employees are paid too much! A cop makes $200,000!,” depending on that week’s debate.

    • Hogan

      Of course, in Roberts’s experience “a teacher” is a university president and “a policeman” is the police commissioner of New York.

      • DrDick

        Frankly, that is just about the only way those numbers make any sense.

    • There are quite a few police officers in Lowell who make six figures.

      They do so by working insane numbers of hours of overtime, mainly on private shifts (concerts, road projects, etc.)

      Meaning that their spouses cannot possibly be working a full-time job.

      • Malaclypse

        That’s true in most of MA, but that is mainly our very unusual road detail system.

        • There was a big stink a couple years ago when the top officials in the Lowell Police Department kept bogarting the raid details, and not leaving any for the more junior, lower-paid officers.

          You’d drive around some manhole where people were working, and a guy with three or four stars on his collar would waive you around. Keep in mind, he’s getting paid a multiple of his hourly wage.

It is main inner container footer text