Home / General / You know who else suffered from paranoid delusions of grandeur as his world crumbled around him?

You know who else suffered from paranoid delusions of grandeur as his world crumbled around him?

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Steiner has surrounded and destroyed Zhukov’s 1st Belorussian Front.

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  • He does seem to have a point about your discussion of the cost of higher education in general, but he seems to be ignoring the issue of the value of a legal education. Looks like changing the subject.

    • MacK

      I think the objections to the cost of higher education article are rather “straw-man” arguments – either attacking things Campos did not say, or misrepresenting the point he was trying to make.

      Campos’ article made the point that the standard argument as to why public university tuition was soaring, i.e., diminished state support, cannot explain the bulk of the increase in public university tuition and costs. He did not deny that public university tuition might be lower if the states put in more money – but he showed that even taking the state funding changes into account, real tuition had soared.

      This caused a collective conniption fit in the professoriate, for whom it is an article of faith that universities should be publicly funded and all problems are due to reduced funding. The problem, as Campos showed pretty well, is that the numbers simply don’t stack up – tuition has soared outside of public funding. In other words there are a collection of causative factors – but the end result is costs and tuition out of control, and increased public funding is a “band-aid” if the other factors driving rising tuition and education costs are not addressed. You can favour public support for education and still point out that there are factors driving up costs that no-one wants to admit to.

      I will give another example. A while ago there was a documentary following certain DC public schools – and these schools for lack of funding were cutting courses, music, some languages, etc. and did not have teachers available for these classes – and the class sizes in practice were big. I wanted to see what the funding was (and this was post Michelle Rhee.) DC is spending between $29k and $31k per student in its schools! This is a multiple of the national average – the next highest I think was New York at under $20k and most are spending $7-15k

      Where is the money going? The teachers are paid 40% over the national average – which is (a) far from enough to explain this, and (b) not unreasonable given the cost of living in the DC Metro area. The school buildings are in a parlous state. DC does claim an amazingly low student teacher ration – but this cannot be reconciled with the absence of teachers in the classrooms, the large classes in practice, the cutting of subjects. So DC has a public school system with the highest per pupil spending in the US, and results that make Mississippi look good. WTF! I don’t object to paying taxes to support a school system, but if it is getting by a huge margin the most money of any US school system – I expect it to be the very best system in the USA.

      Well the truth is, it is DC, an kleptocracy run by a cabal who take turns rewarding each other, when they are not hiring defence counsel (in DC the other name for Councilman is “the defendant” and for several in the last couple of years, “inmate.”)

      • Snarki, child of Loki

        I can be very difficult to figure out if a cost is “reasonable” or not, and whether it is really responsible to for high overall costs.

        One good way to handle that is to look at the yearly percentage increases.

        If tuition is going up 10%/year and faculty salaries are going up 2%/year, then it’s not the existing faculty that is getting the money. (And, as mentioned over and over, full time tenure track faculty numbers are *falling*).

        Tuition goes up because of supply and demand, with weak competition. The “costs” go up because non-profits have to spend most of the cash rather than give it to stockholders.

        • If tuition is going up 10%/year and faculty salaries are going up 2%/year, then it’s not the existing faculty that is getting the money.

          If faculties aren’t expanding, then yes.

          I nit because I cancare!

      • Andrew

        The two most frustrating and flimsy arguments from the established university administration and the professorate are:

        1. That if you’re not measuring funding per capita, then your argument fails. This depends on the absurd-if-stated-out-loud assumption that the marginal cost for adding another student is the same as the prior total cost of educating the student body divided by the prior number of students.

        2. That unnamed, undefined “Federal reporting laws” that must be complied with require a huge number of new staff (and buildings, and larger salaries, etc.). Nobody actually ever quantifies exactly what these reporting requirements are or cost, or addresses the fact that due to computerized centralization of data management it’s a lot easier to comply with reporting rules than it was even 10-15 years ago.

        • matt w

          I’m sympathetic to your objections to 2, but why is it absurd to think we should measure funding per capita? If the student body increases 10% then we’ve got to offer 10% more seats in classes, right? Which involves either increasing class sizes or hiring more people.

          • Paul Campos

            It doesn’t cost 50% more to fly a fully booked jet from A to B than it does to take the same trip when the plane is two-thirds full.

            To assume that adding more students should result in no reduction in per capita subsidies, all other things being equal, assumes that there are no economies of scale.

            • Orphos

              I think there’s an argument that there aren’t economies of scale? I mean, for me it takes more effort and time to teach 30 students than to teach 20. Sometimes it also takes a larger room, sometimes not, but each of them needs a desk. Each of them needs some % of technical support/infrastructure. Each of them needs some kind of mentoring/advising. Some of them need accommodation or remediation, some of them need counseling, some of them need help filling out forms. The more lower-income/first-gen students, the more resources they use, in general.

              I think most arguments for “economies of scale” in this situation are just speed-ups on the line for teachers and student support staff.

              • GoDeep

                The amount of scale economies you get depends on the % of costs that are fixed vs the % of costs that are variable. Colleges have big fixed costs, but the issue is that the fixed costs have been rising–increased IT infrastructure, increased mgmt to handle an increased # of students, increased fed’l regulations, increased diversity req’ts, BIG increased additions to plant, property & equipment–so that you actually would see increasing fixed costs per capita. Meanwhile you’d also expect to see increasing variable costs per capita.

                So, normalizing for growth in student population is pretty important. There might be bloat in addition to that in the form of rent taking but its hard to divine how much it is without such a per capita breakdown.

                • Andrew

                  But a lot of these increased costs are for things that don’t really improve the educational mission but that administrators push through anyway. You shouldn’t be able to spend millions on amenities and student centers and food courts and deputy vice provosts for community affairs then complain that the taxpayer isn’t footing the bill.

            • PaulB

              As someone who agrees with the point that you can’t blame state funding of public universities for the sharp increase in inflation adjusted tuition, your point here that there must be economies of scale in higher education is not supportable by the evidence. By that argument would you say that Univ. of Michigan ought to have a crushing financial advantage over the Univ. of Wyoming? And to reference MacK’s post above about the D.C. public school system, does anyone know of a large K-12 system anywhere in the country that produces better results at lower costs than smaller districts in the same metropolitan area?

              In the very short run, there are some economies. If Law School A unexpectedly enrolls 10% more students this year than it had planned on, then, yes, almost all that extra tuition flows to the bottom line. Of course, more recently, what’s happened is that unexpected shortfalls has been crushing budgets. In the long run, costs adjust to normalized student levels. Harvard can not crush Yale and Stanford because its enrollment is 50% above their combined student bodies. Faculties and “necessary” administrators grow almost organically in keeping with the size of enrollment to be served.

          • NonyNony

            Keep in mind that “increasing class sizes” is often not possible because rooms have a fixed space limit for the number of butts you can have in the seats (by law because of fire code issues). If a room is rated at 50 students and my class has 50 students in it the only way to increase that by 10% to 55 students is if you knock out the wall of the room next to mine and give me a room with a hundred seats in it. You can also search for a bigger room, but if everyone is looking for bigger rooms someone has to teach in the rooms that only hold 50 people.

            So increases in enrollments almost always means adding more sections not just increasing class sizes. Which means either increasing teaching loads (i.e. paying people less for the work they’re doing) or hiring more people just because of the logistical issues.

            (I am somewhat sympathetic to the idea that the marginal cost increase on teaching 50 students vs. 60 students isn’t that big of a deal – but only among people who have never taught before. Once you get beyond about 40 students every student that you add actually increases your workload by quite a bit more than you think because the distribution of your time per student outside of class really starts to stretch to the breaking point. And that’s before you get into the non-teaching requirements of the job that don’t usually change just because you’ve got a larger load.)

            • Andrew

              As a TA I had to read and grade numerous written assignments, projects, and tests for a class of 90+. By the 80th person I would have loved, at the time, for there to have been 10 people less. But at the end of the day it’s doable. This is not working in the salt mines.

              • matt w

                In other words, we shouldn’t consider per capita spending because we can just get the existing workers to do more work for the same money.

                • Andrew

                  No, we shouldn’t point at per capita spending and insist that it ends the argument and ignore everything else.

                • I thin the point is that university are rarely running at maximal teaching capacity on their existing infrastructure and workforce. They often aren’t even running at their full designated capacity (i.e., what they can reasonably handle without cannabilizing other functions).

                  And this is good because you can have surge years of enrollment, for example. It’s good to reserve capacity for more intensive concentration on fewer students (e.g., smaller class sizes). Reserving capacity that could be used for teaching for e.g., research or public engagement etc. is also very smart. Finally, and critically!, not working people like crazy makes for a happier, better, more effective, more sustainable work force.

                  The problem is that the marginal cost to an institution (or class) of one extra student can be effectively zero dollars and perhaps zero intangibles (if there’s plenty of spare capacity). If I’m teaching a bunch of small classes then the difference of one extra student is going to be noise in the normal year to year fluctuations. It takes a lot of extra students to raise my load over the long term. Similarly, if I’m teaching a 200 person class, 5 or 10 more isn’t going to stress that arrangement.

                  Of course, there’s a free rider problem. As you slowly ratchet up the numbers, you lose spare capacity, you start losing other functionality, and you start overstressing your workforce (which leads to greater diminished capacity and functionality). These effects are subtler and tend to indirectly affect the bottom line. They are also somewhat non-linear (more jumpy than exponential), but they can lead to crashes. Plus, they are hard to recover from.

                  We probably need something like per capita spend on teaching to get a better sense of what’s going on.

                • ThrottleJockey

                  From 1990 to the present public college enrollments have doubled. Does that sound like a ‘marginal’ increase to you? Even with a hefty ‘scale’ effect you’d still expect total expenditures to increase by at least 60-70%.

                • ThrottleJockey

                  From expenditure data provided here, its unlikely that much of the expenditure growth can be explained by management bloat. Overhead at public, 4 year institutions is about 19%, which is a pretty reasonable number. Meanwhile instructional expenses comprise about the same share of dollars that they did in 2005.

                  If you look at the fastest growth buckets, the 1 that jumps out is depreciation expense, which tells you schools have been building more. But with increasing population of students with ever more sophisticated demands (IT, food, amenities, etc) I’m not sure this is ‘outrageous’ or not. I hated the food at my college, I’m not sure today’s kids should be subjected to that garbage.

                • From 1990 to the present public college enrollments have doubled.

                  I presume you’re talking to me.

                  Does that sound like a ‘marginal’ increase to you?

                  We aren’t using the same sense of the word. When I write “the marginal cost…of one extra student can be effectively zero dollars and perhaps zero intangibles (if there’s plenty of spare capacity)” I mean the additional cost. And that’s of *one* extra student under certain conditions. And that statement is, in fact, very true.

                  Even with a hefty ‘scale’ effect you’d still expect total expenditures to increase by at least 60-70%.

                  Would I?

                  But again, there’s two separate effects: economies of scale and not working at full capacity. The latter is a sunk cost. If I’ve already paid someone capable (in normal circumstances) of teaching (let’s say) 100 students a semester and I’m currently having them teach 50 students then I can increase my enrolment to 100 without increasing my instructor costs. (To put it the other way, if I hire someone capable and willing to teach 100 students, and they are currently teaching 100 students, my instructor costs don’t drop if one year I have only 50 for them to teach).

                  Imagine that this teacher was having 1 on 1 sessions for 30 mintues every other week. So 100 students over two weeks = 50 hrs (out of ≈80, let’s say that the remaining 30 are a fixed cost..admin, research time, what ever) and 50 = 25 hrs. So I have 25 hrs of idle capacity. (Of course, this isn’t truly idle as people just do other important things like research or improve their teaching).

                  Economies of scale occur when for the same number of hours, I get more done. So if I lecture to 50 students (in a standard, low interactive style), I can also lecture to 100 students in the same amount of time. Lectures scale better than 1 on 1 interactions. Simialrly, multiple choice exams cost more to produce but scale better in marking.

                  None of what I wrote contains any assessment of the actual trend. It was just an analysis of how instructor costs work. Like any workers, you can squeeze people. Like any workforce, you can have idle, full, and excess work loads. (Think of a diner’s staff…you have rush times and slow times. You have to hire more than you need for the slow times to hand the rush times, but that wouldn’t be enough if all times were rush. But it probably can handle somewhat longer rush times.)

            • MacK

              Yes, but consider the corollary – if the class has 40 in it and the room seats 50, there is no extra facility cost in adding 10 students (well maybe AC.) Facility and faculty variable cost is lumpy – it costs almost zero to add students up to a point, and then suddenly you need a larger room, extra instructor(s), then it is flat until you hit the volume ceiling again.

              Adding courses is inherently more expensive since you are (a) going to an instructor (if you don’t already have one), (b) going to nee facility space (unless the classrooms are unoccupied.)

              Of course a school like Santa Clara might be able to cut costs by repurposing law school classrooms and facilities….

              • Oops, I didn’t notice that you made the same point I made above, only first and more nicely.

          • Andrew

            Yes, but that does not necessarily require 10% additional state funding. Going from a lecture class of 50 to a lecture class of 55 typically won’t require new faculty hiring or new facilities, though obviously at some point there has to be increased funding, but there is not a linear relationship. Efficiencies of scale come into play too at some point, which the university defenders tend to ignore.

            Also, funding hasn’t been slashed THAT much. If you look at state expenditures per student here (obviously, it doesn’t include the last two years):

            http://www.nasbo.org/sites/default/files/pdf/Improving%20Postsecondary%20Education%20Through%20the%20Budget%20Process-Challenges%20and%20Opportunities.pdf

            You see that during the period where you started seeing massive tuition increases, funding was at times fairly high.

            Also, as Paul notes, it is disingenuous to drive up enrollment and then complain the state isn’t covering the costs of your decisions. Particularly, I think, because admissions standards have gone down in a lot of places.

        • MacK

          The difficulty is that each of the ‘factors’ do drive up cost a little – but not to a degree that explains the soaring cost of college.

          To take an example – STEM. Teaching STEM requires certain facilities and equipment – but take for example a chemistry lab. The actual cost per student can fall with higher enrolment since the lab trends towards higher utilisation (at least when I went to Uni were were not the only class using each lab.) Similarly lecture facilities, etc. This is part of why a college does not have a linear variable cost per student – it runs flat until current capacity is reached for a facility/faculty, then jumps suddenly as capacity is exceeded.

          Similarly, obviously reporting rules have some cost of compliance – but is it so great as to explain soaring college costs?

      • Roger That

        A special needs education costs almost twice as much per pupil, and something like 20% of DC public school students were designated special needs (this was ~10 years ago). Add to it the fact that the DC teacher’s union was corrupt and self-serving and up until and including Rhee the mayor & council’s approach to fixing the schools was hiring a “messiah”

        • MacK

          Yes, but – it does not explain where all the money goes. Indeed there has been scandal after scandal in DC special needs provision.

          I will suggest one suspicion – the student teacher ratio cannot be matched to teachers in classrooms. I suspect phantom teachers, or at least people being counted as teachers who don’t actually have any teaching duties worth mentioning.

          And Michelle Rhee was not innocent in this game.

      • cpinva

        “Well the truth is, it is DC, an kleptocracy run by a cabal who take turns rewarding each other, when they are not hiring defence counsel (in DC the other name for Councilman is “the defendant” and for several in the last couple of years, “inmate.”)”

        this has been true since at least july, 1963, when my family moved to NVA from NC. they were raising hell about the cost and quality of the DC school system then, and home rule only seemed to make it exponentially worse. the whole DC school system is run by a bunch of gonifs, with the interests of the children (who deserve a good school, just as much as any other child, anywhere else in the country does) down near the bottom of that particular food chain.

  • Hayden Arse

    The spectacular, radiant, philosopher-god Brian Leiter provides the best links to incoherent rants excoriating ad hominem attacks in an ad hominem attack! The way he titles his taut, two sentence post is a thing to behold! You aren’t worthy to link to his greatness prof. compost!
    – Peter Aduren

  • Stan1

    Leiter’s tag “Law Professor Says Dumb Things” was a particularly nice zero-self-awareness touch.

    • rea

      A long ad hominem attack on Prof. Campos for supposedly engaging in ad hominem attacks . . .

      • The Dark Avenger

        Brian Leiter is the kindest, wisest, most thoughtful man I’ve ever met.

        Signed,

        Epstein’s Mom

        • Snarki, child of Loki

          Wow, I didn’t know that Mary Rosh was Epstein’s Mom.

          Learn something new every day.

      • liberalrob

        …with a gratuitous shot at Loomis thrown in for good measure.

        If LGM “touts a traditional far left line at almost every point” then I’m the Tsar of all the Russias. Only right-wing lunatics use “far left” as a pejorative like that.

        • DC

          The hilarious part is Leiter is a leftist himself, and when he’s writing in support of far-left issues (instead of academic gossip and publicly compiling his enemies list) he’s actually done some good work.

          Based solely on his public writings, my opinion of his problem is he really, really, really wants to be considered a Major Thinker, and he just doesn’t have that ability. It leads him to fights with his intellectual superiors (Nagel, McGuinn, etc. — “I’m fighting important philosophers, I must be one!”), and rage-filled attacks at anyone who he thinks challenges his illusory Major Thinker status.

          If he restrained his narcissistic impulses and showed a modicum of humility and empathy, he could actually be a useful public intellectual. Not the kind of guy who will leave a legacy, but someone who can at least slightly influence the public debate when he’s around.

  • JustRuss

    I don’t have a dog in this hunt, but “Follow the money” is always a good tool to start with. It’s hard to see what would motivate Campos to be untruthful in this discussion, unless he’s a contrarian attention-whore. On the other hand, faculty and administrators making 6 and 7 figure salaries have a pretty strong incentive to play “Move along, nothing to see here.” The fact that Diamond, for all his hand waving, never takes issue with any of the actual data cited by Campos, or his interpretation, is quite a tell.

    It’s odd that in a piece titled “The Elephant in the Room”, the link that’s labelled “The elephant in the room” goes to…Campo’s LGM page, which lists all his posts. Apparently it’s so obvious which of these is the elephant that Diamond doesn’t need to tell us. I’m not a big fan of writers that like to play guessing games with their readers. It seems so lazy and dishonest, but maybe that’s just me.

    The implication that flaws in Campos’ piece about higher ed costs automatically invalidates all his criticism of law school costs and placement rates is very special.

    • matt w

      To be fair, my guess on the “elephant in the room issue” is that he meant to copy a link from a post title and copied a link from the author’s name instead. I’ve mispasted a few links in my time.

      • JustRuss

        Good point, I’ve done that. But if that were the money link that I used for the title of my piece, I’d like to think I’d double-check it.

    • ploeg

      You must remember that Paul “is a leading blogger at a website that touts a traditional far left line at almost every point, with endlessly boring posts about, for example, a labor history that has long been forgotten in post-industrial America. (And I say this as someone who has been a strong supporter of organized labor for many years.)”

      And some of his best friends are union members!

      • My favorite part of that was realizing Diamond’s attention span is too short to read a 1000 word post on labor history. Or, you know, skip it and read the next post. It was a very LOL moment.

        • Unemployed_Northeastern

          Remember: now that we are two weeks past the ABA reporting deadline for employment outcomes the >1 in 3 SCL grads who were completely unemployed ten months out from graduation have all been hired by like McKinsey, Cravath, and Google, and now they all make like $200k. Like for real, you guys!

          http://lawyersgunsmon.wpengine.com/2015/04/the-first-rule-of-law-school-employment-statistics

        • tsam

          “This Day in Labor History” inexplicably focuses on stuff that happened like forever ago. So stupid.

          • What was great is that the post I assume he saw because of the timing was the one about the Workers Rights Consortium, an event from all the way back in 2000.

            • liberalrob

              I’ve always thought those labor history posts were some of the best stuff I’ve seen on here. But then I like reading about history and learning new things. Maybe this Diamond fellow doesn’t.

              • Unemployed_Northeastern

                I don’t always read books by Diamond, but when I do, I make sure they’re by Jared Diamond.

        • So, we have a labor history that has been long forgotten in post-industrial America. We have a labor historian. And we have a person who 1) is bored by this and 2) claims to be a strong supporter of organized labor.

          I don’t believe 2 at all.

      • JustRuss

        How can he criticize LGM without mentioning dead horses? This guy is the poster child for Doing It Wrong.

        • Pat

          Maybe he’s a big fan of dead horses.

      • Scott Lemieux

        And I say this as someone who has been a strong supporter of organized labor for many years

        That was really priceless, particularly given his “only a libertarian opposed to civil rights would oppose charging people $150K for a largely worthless degree” shtick.

        It’s equally hilarious to see Leiter, self-appointed arbiter of the merits of every intellectual in America, approvingly link to Diamond.

        • DC

          I especially like Leiter’s support of Diamond’s quantitative analysis, considering the lack of expertise on the matter of both.

          • Unemployed_Northeastern

            It’s a nice corollary to how Simkovic (BA in economics, 1 year’s legal practice) rejects the criticisms of Steven J. Harper (MS in Economics, >30 years’ legal practice) w/r/t Gajillion Dollar Degree without bothering to answer those criticisms.

  • CD

    Well, being thoroughly humiliated in the philosophy field over the past few months did seem to quiet him down for a little bit, but I guess narcissists gotta narcissist.

    I do not condone illegal hacking or ungentlemanly threats to publicly release embarassing information, but I am curious: did the guy who (allegedly) hacked into his aduren account ever disclose exactly what embarassing information he claimed to have found? I mean, the stuff he did disclose (pretending to be a graduate student on forums to talk up himself, incessant wikipedia editing, etc. etc.) was embarassing enough, can’t imagine how bad the really bad stuff was.

    • Unemployed_Northeastern

      “Well, being thoroughly humiliated in the philosophy field over the past few months…”

      From https://sites.google.com/site/septemberstatement/, here’s the original list of philosophy profs who have refused to cooperate with BL’s Philosophy Prestige-o-Meter website after he started threatening another philosophy professor because.. he thought she was talking about him or something:

      •Scott Anderson (UBC)
      •Paul Bartha (UBC)
      •JC Beall (Connecticut and Aberdeen)
      •John Beatty (UBC)
      •Sylvia Berryman (UBC)
      •Ben Bradley (Syracuse)
      •Rachael Briggs (ANU)
      •Michael Griffin (UBC)
      •Sally Haslanger (MIT)
      •Richard Heck (Brown)
      •Christina Hendricks (UBC)
      •Jonathan Ichikawa (UBC and Aberdeen)
      •Hilde Lindemann (Michigan State)
      •Ned Markosian (Western Washington)
      •Chris Mole (UBC)
      •Alan Richardson (UBC)
      •Chris Stephens (UBC)
      •Evan Thompson (UBC)
      •Robert Williams (Leeds)
      •Crispin Wright (NYU and Aberdeen)
      •Stephen Yablo (MIT)

      And here’s all the other philosophy profs who additionally signed on to the statement after word of his latest controversy roiled over on the Chronicle of Higher Education at http://chronicle.com/article/The-Man-Who-Ranks-Philosophy/149007/. Many other tales of BL can be found in the comments to that article.

      1.Janice Dowell (Syracuse)
      2.Catarina Dutilh-Novaes (Groningen)
      3.Noelle McAfee (Emory)
      4.Mike Rea (Notre Dame)
      5.Elizabeth Barnes (Virginia)
      6.Stewart Shapiro (Ohio State)
      7.David Sobel (Syracuse)
      8.Ross Cameron (Virginia)
      9.Kris McDaniel (Syracuse)
      10.Roberta Millstein (UC Davis)
      11.Ruth Chang (Rutgers)
      12.Owen Flanagan (Duke)
      13.Christia Mercer (Columbia)
      14.Daniel Garber (Princeton)
      15.Helen De Cruz (Oxford)
      16.Paul Lodge (Oxford)
      17.Tad Schmaltz (Michigan)
      18.John Collins (Columbia)
      19.Taylor Carman (Barnard)
      20.Margaret Atherton (Wisconsin–Milwaukee)
      21.Andrew Pessin (Connecticut College)
      22.Charles Wolfe (Ghent)
      23.Kristopher G. Phillips (Southern Utah)
      24.Antonia LoLordo (Virginia)
      25.Tammy Nyden (Grinnell)
      26.Jason Turner (St Louis)
      27.Dave Archard (Queen’s University Belfast)
      28.Susanne Sreedhar (Boston University)
      29.Alice Crary (New School for Social Research)
      30.Lydia Goehr (Columbia)
      31.Susan Peppers-Bates (Stetson)
      32.Louis deRosset (Vermont)
      33.Marcus Rossberg (University of Connecticut)
      34.Lisa Miracchi (NYU)
      35.Nick Wiltsher (UFRGS)
      36.Stephen R. Grimm (Fordham)
      37.Nathan Hanna (Drexel University)
      38.Matthew W. Turner (Francis Marion University)
      39.Ingo Brigandt (Alberta)
      40.Nora Berenstain (University of Tennesee)
      41.Audrey Yap (University of Victoria)
      42.Jennifer Saul (Sheffield)
      43.Alice MacLachlan (York University)
      44.Joel Krueger (Exeter)
      45.Julie Klein (Villanova University)
      46.Evan Westra (Maryland)
      47.Simon Evnine (Miami)
      48.Adrian Moore (Oxford)
      49.Aaron Garrett (Boston University)
      50.Bryce Huebner (Georgetown)
      51.Francesco Berto (University of Amsterdam and University of Aberdeen)
      52.Wayne C. Myrvold (University of Western Ontario)
      53.Filippo Ferrari (University of Aberdeen, NIP)
      54.Lauren Ashwell (Bates College)
      55.Mark Jago (University of Nottingham)
      56.Eric Nelson (UMass Lowell)
      57.William Lewis (Skidmore College)
      58.Lynne Tirrell (UMass Boston)
      59.Robert Skipper (Cincinnati)
      60.Laurie Shrage (Florida International University)
      61.Eric Brown (Washington University in St. Louis)
      62.Benjamin Hill (University of Western Ontario)
      63.Jonathan Tsou (Iowa State University)
      64.John Schwenkler (Florida State University)
      65.Charles Larmore (Brown University)
      66.Juliet Floyd (Boston University)
      67.Russell Ford (Elmhurst College)
      68.Roger Clarke (Queen’s University Belfast)
      69.Mathieu Marion (Université du Québec à Montréal)
      70.Garret Merriam (University of Southern Indiana)
      71.Simon Cabulea May (Florida State University)
      72.Serene J. Khader (Brooklyn College CUNY)
      73.Robert Stalnaker (MIT)
      74.Eric Sanday (University of Kentucky)
      75.Philip Ebert (Stirling)
      76.Eric Winsberg (University of South Florida)
      77.Aidan McGlynn (University of Edinburgh)
      78.Carol Hay (University of Massachusetts Lowell)
      79.Ted Poston (South Alabama)
      80.Carlotta Pavese (Duke University)
      81.Nicholas Denyer (Trinity College, Cambridge)
      82.John Kulvicki (Dartmouth College)
      83.David Efird (University of York)
      84.Paolo Mancosu (University of California, Berkeley)
      85.Patricia Blanchette (University of Notre Dame)
      86.Christopher Woodard (Nottingham)
      87.Catherine Womack (Bridgewater State University)
      88.Kieran Setiya (MIT)
      89.Zoe Drayson (Stirling)
      90.Cody Gilmore (UC Davis)
      91.Russell Dale (Lehman College, CUNY)
      92.Holly Lawford-Smith (Sheffield)
      93.Clinton Tolley (UC San Diego)
      94.Jeremy Neill (Houston Baptist University)
      95.Cory Wimberly (University of Texas Pan American)
      96.Gary Shapiro (University of Richmond)
      97.Kyle Dennedy (Indiana University (Bloomington)
      98.Lisa Schwartzman (Michigan State)
      99.Simon Hewitt (Birkbeck)
      100.Richard Matthews (Lakehead University)
      101.Ted Parent (Virginia Tech)
      102.Miriam Solomon (Temple University)
      103.Stephanie Ross (University of Missouri — St. Louis)
      104.Peter Vanderschraaf (University of California Merced)
      105.Heidi Grasswick (Middlebury College)
      106.Jeff Engelhardt (Dickinson College)
      107.Brad Skow (MIT)
      108.Jeff Engelhardt (Dickinson College)
      109.Shen-yi Liao (Nanyang Technological University / University of Leeds)
      110. Dustin Tucker (Colorado State University)
      111.Jamie Lindemann Nelson (Michigan State)
      112.Rani Lill Anjum (NMBU, Aas)
      113.Lydia Patton (Virginia Tech)
      114.Christopher Grau (Clemson)
      115.Jonathan Tallant (University of Nottingham)
      116.John Kaag (UMass Lowell)
      117.Debbie Roberts (Edinburgh)
      118.Kim Frost (Syracuse)
      119.Sandrine Berges (Bilkent University)
      120.Mark Steen (Bogazici)
      121.Cynthia Willett (Emory)
      122.Meena Krishnamurthy (University of Manitoba)
      123.John Hacker-Wright (Guelph)
      124.Matthew Fulkerson (UCSD)
      125.Stephen M. Downes (Utah)
      126.Margaret Schabas (UBC)
      127.Kenny Easwaran (Texas A&M University)
      128.Christian Munthe (Gothenburg)
      129.Carole Lee (University of Washington)
      130.Joachim Horvath (Cologne)
      131.Hasana Sharp (McGill)
      132.Yujin Nagasawa (Birmingham)
      133.Joshua Alexander (Siena College)
      134.Rebecca Roache (University of London)
      135.Nathan Jun (Midwestern State University)
      136.Leigh M. Johnson (Christian Brothers University
      137.Mark Alfano (University of Oregon)
      138.Eleonore Stump (St Louis University)
      139.Elinor Mason (Edinburgh)
      140.Peter Groff (Bucknell University)
      141.Mog Stapleton (Stuttgart)
      142.Danielle Bromwich (UMass-Boston)
      143.Reinhard Muskens (Tilburg)
      144.Christopher Menzel (Texas A&M)
      145.Eline Busck Gundersen (Oslo)
      146.Avery Archer (University of Tennessee)
      147.Michael Brownstein (CUNY)
      148.Maeve O’Donovan (Notre Dame of Maryland University)
      149.Hugh Miller (Loyola University Chicago)
      150.Asta Kristjana Sveinsdottir (San Francisco State)
      151.John Drabinski (Amherst College)
      152.Kate Manne (Cornell University)
      153.Marc A. Moffett (UTEP)
      154.Janet Folina (Macalester College)
      155.Seth Lazar (ANU)
      156.Peg Birmingham (DePaul)
      157.Letitia Meynell (Dalhousie)
      158.Edward Hall (Harvard)
      159.Lee Walters (Southampton)
      160.Joshua Brown (Gustavus Adolphus College)
      161.Alexis Burgess (Stanford)
      162.Josh Parsons (Oxford)
      163.Helen Beebee (Manchester)
      164.Barry Maguire (UNC Chapel Hill)
      165.Robert Richardson (Cincinnati)
      166.Colin Koopman (University of Oregon)
      167.Jennifer Jill Fellows (UBC)
      168.Sally Sedgwick (UIC)
      169.Lisa Fuller (Albany)
      170.Andy Egan (Rutgers)
      171.Brandon Fitelson (Rutgers)
      172.Bernhard Nickel (Harvard)
      173.Nick Huggett (UIC)
      174.Tom Eyers (Duquesne)
      175.Nicholaos Jones (Alabama-Huntsville)
      176.Jeremy Fantl (Calgary)
      177.David P. Wong (Duke)
      178.Kok-Chor Tan (Pennsylvania)
      179.Alexander George (Amherst College)
      180.Steven Swartzer (UNC Chapel Hill)
      181.Rachel Zuckert (Northwestern)
      182.Jonardon Ganeri (NYU Abu Dhabi)
      183.Wendy Donner (Carleton)
      184.Jonathan D. Jacobs (St Louis University)
      185.Sara Rachel Chant (Tulane and Missouri)
      186.Patrick Girard (Auckland)
      187.Steven Nadler (Wisconsin-Madison)
      188.Mark Alznauer (Northwestern)
      189.Sean Valles (Michigan State University)
      190.Kate Nolfi (Vermont)
      191.Kevin Thompson (DePaul)
      192.Samuel Gorovitz (Syracuse)
      193.Bradley Strawser (Naval Postgraduate School)
      194.Daniel Nolan (ANU)
      195.Markos Valaris (New South Wales)
      196.Alexus McLeod (Colorado State University)
      197.Rebecca Kukla (Georgetown)
      198.Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra (Oxford)
      199.Gabriel Rabin (NYU-Abu Dhabi)
      200.Nancy Bauer (Tufts University)
      201.Robin Celikates (University of Amsterdam)
      202.Simon Kirchin (Kent)
      203.Randall Harp (Vermont)
      204.Helen Frowe (Stockholm University)
      205.Ben Colburn (Glasgow)
      206.Emma Bullock (Central European University)
      207.Toby Meadows (Aberdeen)
      208.Justin Smith (Paris VII)
      209.Michael Morris (Sussex)
      210.Ole Koksvik (University of Bergen)
      211.Eleanor Knox (King’s College London)
      212.Giacomo Melis (University of Aberdeen)
      213.Giulia Terzian (University of Bristol)
      214.Nathaniel Jezzi (Aberdeen)
      215.Dirk Kindermann (University of Graz)
      216.Beth Lord (Aberdeen)
      217.Taneli Kukkonen (NYU Abu Dhabi)
      218.Daniel J Hill (University of Liverpool)
      219.Luca Moretti (Aberdeen & Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy)
      220.Heather Widdows (Birmingham)
      221.Don Howard (Notre Dame)
      222.Michael Ridge (University of Edinburgh)
      223.Alexander Jech (Notre Dame)
      224.Alessandra Tanesini (Cardiff University)
      225.Yang Xiao (Kenyon College)
      226.David Ripley (University of Connecticut)
      227.Naomi Scheman, University of Minnesota
      228.Pleshette DeArmitt (University of Memphis)
      229.Tom Ward (Loyola Marymount University)
      230.Stephen Makin (Sheffield University)
      231.Neil Williams (Buffalo)
      232.José Medina (Vanderbilt University)
      233.Christine Daigle (Brock University)
      234.Hille Paakkunainen (Syracuse)
      235.Jennifer Frey (South Carolina)
      236.David Koepsell (TU Delft)
      237.Colin Macleod (Victoria)
      238.Kandace D. Kellett-Riddle (Southern Illinois)
      239.Patrick Lin (California Polytechnic State University)
      240.Ammon Allred (University of Toledo)
      241.Robert Van Gulick (Syracuse)
      242.Bill Brewer (King’s College London)
      243.Amy Allen (Dartmouth)
      244.Andrew Cutrofello (Loyola University Chicago)
      245.Fabien Medvecky (University of Otago)
      246.Tony Laden (UIC)
      247.Suzy Killmister (University of Connecticut)
      248.Brian Weatherson (University of Michigan)
      249.Mike Robillard (University of Connecticut)
      250.William Blattner (Georgetown)
      251.Saba Bazargan (UC San Diego)
      252.Esa Diaz-Leon (Barcelona/Manitoba)
      253.Adam Knowles (Drexel University)
      254.Adriel M. Trott (Wabash College)
      255.Aldo Antonelli (UC Davis)
      256.Sonia Roca-Royes (University of Stirling)
      257.Richard Zach (Calgary)
      258.Bronwyn Finnigan (ANU)
      259.Kit Fine (NYU)
      260.Gilbert Harman (Princeton)
      261.Anita Leirfall (University of Bergen)
      262.Sergio Tenenbaum (University of Toronto)
      263.Claire Katz (Texas A&M University)
      264.Kate Abramson (Indiana University)
      265.Graham Oppy (Monash)
      266.Matt Weiner (University of Vermont)
      267.Lori Watson (University of San Diego)
      268.Elaine Landry (UC Davis)
      269.Eva Feder Kittay (Stony Brook University)
      270.Rachel McKinnon (College of Charleston)
      271.Beatrice Longuenesse (NYU)
      272.Thomas Bontly (University of Connecticut)
      273.Alejandro Pérez Carballo (UMass Amherst)
      274.Colin Allen (Indiana University)
      275.Heidi Howkins Lockwood (Southern Connecticut)
      276.Angelika Kratzer (University of Massachusetts at Amherst)
      277.Koji Tanaka (University of Auckland)
      278.Graham Harman (American University in Cairo)
      279.Ruth Boeker (Melbourne)
      280.Ofra Magidor (University of Oxford)
      281.Patrick Greenough (University of St Andrews)
      282.Michael P. Lynch (University of Connecticut)
      283.William Wilkerson (University of Alabama in Huntsville)
      284.Hanti Lin (UC Davis)
      285.Hilary Kornblith (UMass, Amherst)
      286.Charles Mills (Northwestern)
      287.Stephen Menn (McGill and HU-Berlin)
      288.Julian Dodd (Manchester)
      289.Kevin Aho (Florida Gulf Coast University)
      290.David Stern (University of Iowa)
      291.Kevin Coffey (NYU Abu Dhabi)
      292.Amy Olberding (University of Oklahoma)
      293.Grace Hunt (Western Kentucky University)
      294.Anna Gotlib (Brooklyn College CUNY)
      295.Scott Weinstein (University of Pennsylvania)
      296.Raul Saucedo (University of Colorado Boulder)
      297.Sarah Tyson (University of Colorado Denver)
      298.Gaile Pohlhaus (Miami)
      299.John J. McDermott (Texas A&M University)
      300.Blain Neufeld (University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee)
      301.Katharine Schweitzer (University of Nevada, Reno)
      302.Andrew Jason Cohen (Georgia State University)
      303.Eric Michael Dale (Emerson College)
      304.Dylan Wittkower (Old Dominion University)
      305.Terry Pinkard (Georgetown University)
      306.Darrel Moellendorf (Goethe University-Frankfurt)
      307.Krister Bykvist (Stockholm University)
      308.Christian Wüthrich (UC San Diego)
      309.Karen Detlefsen (University of Pennsylvania)
      310.Neil Van Leeuwen (GSU)
      311.Stephen Puryear (North Carolina State University)
      312.Dr. Lisa Guenther (Vanderbilt University)
      313.Rebecca Tuvel (Rhodes College)
      314.Angela Potochnik (University of Cincinnati)
      315.Karen Ng (Vanderbilt University)
      316.Donald Rutherford (University of California, San Diego)
      317.Noa Naaman-Zauderer (Tel Aviv University)
      318.Matthew Ratcliffe (Durham University)
      319.Jon Cogburn (Louisiana State University)
      320.Janet D. Stemwedel (San Jose State University)
      321.Douglas W. Portmore (Arizona State University)
      322.Vann McGee (MIT)
      323.Nick C. Sagos (Rutgers)
      324.Chris Armstrong (Southampton)
      325.David McNeill (University of Essex)
      326.Eze Paez (Pompeu Fabra University)
      327.Dan Haybron (Saint Louis University)
      328.Luciano Floridi (Oxford)
      329.Boris Hennig (Ryerson University Toronto)
      330.Amy M. Schmitter (University of Alberta)
      331.Alison Laywine (McGill)
      332.Elizabeth Anderson (University of Michigan)
      333.Scott Davidson (Oklahoma City University)
      334.Alia Al-Saji (McGill University)
      335.Matt Farr (Queensland)
      336.John Lachs (Vanderbilt)
      337.Hugh H. Benson (University of Oklahoma)
      338.Mikkel Gerken (Edinburgh)
      339.Babette Babich (Fordham)
      340.Soraya Gollop (Southern Methodist University)
      341.Idit Dobbs-Weinstein (Vanderbilt)
      342.Gunnar Björnsson (Umeå University)
      343.Tom Dougherty (University of Cambridge)
      344.Samir Chopra (Brooklyn College of CUNY)
      345.David Wood (Vanderbilt)
      346.Casper Storm Hansen (University of Aberdeen)
      347.Michela Massimi (Edinburgh)
      348.Todd May (Clemson University)
      349.Daniel Conway (Texas A&M University)
      350.Devora Shapiro (Southern Oregon University)
      351.Milena Ivanova (Munich Centre for Mathematical Philosophy)
      352.Greg Johnson (Pacific Lutheran University and Oxford)
      353.Philippe Chuard (SMU)
      354.Amy Kind (Claremont McKenna College)
      355.Michael Thompson (University of Pittsburgh)
      356.David Sussman (UIUC)
      357.Nolen Gertz (Pacific Lutheran University)
      358.Simon Keller (Victoria University of Wellington)
      359.Pekka Vayrynen (Leeds)
      360.Alasdair Richmond (University of Edinburgh)
      361.Jennifer Morton (City College, CUNY)
      362.Daniel Elstein (Leeds)
      363.Jan-Willem Romeijn (University of Groningen)
      364.J. Adam Carter (University of Edinburgh)
      365.Bill Bristow (University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)
      366.S. West Gurley (Sam Houston State University)
      367.Eugene Marshall (Florida International University)
      368.Julinna C. Oxley (Coastal Carolina University)
      369.Nellie Wieland (CSU Long Beach)
      370.Matt MacKenzie (Colorado State University)
      371.Eliot Michaelson (King’s College London)
      372.Dan López de Sa (ICREA-Barcelona)
      373.Chauncey Maher (Dickinson College)
      374.Richard Greene (Weber State University)
      375.J. Suilin Lavelle (University of Edinburgh)
      376.Dilip Ninan (Tufts University)
      377.Kristina Meshelski (California State University, Northridge)
      378.Stephen Mulhall (University of Oxford)
      379.Tom Digby (Springfield College)
      380.Arnon Levy (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
      381.Ellen Fridland (King’s College London)
      382.Luca Barlassina (University of Sheffield)
      383.Mitzi Lee (University of Colorado at Boulder)
      384.Jonathan Cohen (UCSD)
      385.Andrea Westlund (Wisconsin–Milwaukee)
      386.Michael Hannon (Fordham University)
      387.Sarah Paul (University of Wisconsin–Madison)
      388.Christian Coseru (College of Charleston)
      389.Jeffrey Bell (Southeastern Louisiana University)
      390.Phyllis Illari (UCL)
      391.Claire Horisk (University of Missouri)
      392.Kent Staley (St. Louis)
      393.Marcus Hedahl (US Naval Academy)
      394.Shelley Tremain (University of Toronto/OISE)
      395.Mika LaVaque-Manty (University of Michigan)
      396.Harry Brighouse (University of Wisconsin–Madison)
      397.Chiara Ambrosio (University College London)
      398.Pascal Massie (Miami University)
      399.Gillian Russell (Washington University in St Louis)
      400.Mark Okrent (Bates College)
      401.Daniel Star (Boston University)
      402.Kyla Ebels-Duggan (Northwestern)
      403.Brian Armstrong (Georgia Regents University)
      404.Luke Maring (Northern Arizona University)
      405.Magdalena Balcerak Jackson (University of Konstanz)
      406.Susan Brower-Toland (Saint Louis University)
      407.James Sias (Dickinson College)
      408.Timothy Stock (Salisbury University)
      409.Paul Kelleher (University of Wisconsin-Madison)
      410.Aaron Zimmerman (UCSB)
      411.Matt Kisner (University of South Carolina)
      412.Eric Steinhart (William Paterson University)
      413.Eric Chelstrom (St. Mary’s University)
      414.Jeffrey L. Kasser (Colorado State University)
      415.Carla Fehr (University of Waterloo)
      416.Gabriel Greenberg (UCLA)
      417.Jeff Ramsey (Smith College)
      418.Brian Kim (Bowdoin College)
      419.Carolyn Cusick (California State University, Fresno)
      420.Carl Chung (Century College)
      421.Philip Robbins (University of Missouri)
      422.A. J. Cotnoir (St Andrews)
      423.Christopher Vogel (University of Maryland)
      424.Elizabeth Victor (William Paterson University)
      425.William Bechtel (UCSD)
      426.Wayne Riggs (University of Oklahoma)
      427.Carolyn Dicey Jennings (University of California, Merced)
      428.Charlotte Witt (University of New Hampshire)
      429.Alison Wylie (University of Washington and Durham University)
      430.Rachel Cohon (University at Albany, S.U.N.Y.)
      431.Mason Cash (University of Central Florida)
      432.Josefa Toribio (University of Barcelona)
      433.Andy Lamey (UCSD)
      434.Roy T Cook (University of Minnesota – Twin Cities)
      435.Candice Delmas (Clemson University)
      436.Kathrin Koslicki (University of Alberta)
      437.Kathleen Wallace (Hofstra)
      438.Timothy Shanahan (Loyola Marymount University)
      439.Roger White (MIT)
      440.Justin Steinberg (Brooklyn College, CUNY)
      441.Maureen Eckert (UMASS Dartmouth)
      442.William T. Myers (Birmingham-Southern College)
      443.Edward Kazarian (Rowan University)
      444.Anthony Dardis (Hofstra University)
      445.Anne O’Byrne (Stony Brook)
      446.Lisa Tessman (Binghamton University)
      447.Joshua Spencer (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
      448.Jeremy Snyder (Simon Fraser University)
      449.Michelle Bastian (University of Edinburgh)
      450.Elliott Sober (University of Wisconsin)
      451.Jonathan Way (University of Southampton)
      452.Monique Deveaux (University of Guelph)
      453.James Genone (Rutgers University, Camden)
      454.Cristina Cammarano (Salisbury University)
      455.Rocío Zambrana (University of Oregon)
      456.Ted Toadvine (University of Oregon)
      457.Tiger C. Roholt (Montclair State University)
      458.Matthew Congdon (Vanderbilt)
      459.Masashi Kasaki (Kyoto University and Osaka University)
      460.Fanny Söderbäck (Siena College)
      461.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (UC Santa Cruz)
      462.Peter Warnek (University of Oregon)
      463.Andrea Woody (University of Washington)
      464.Karin Boxer (UBC)
      465.Yuri Cath (University of East Anglia)
      466.Deborah Achtenberg (University of Nevada, Reno)
      467.Brendan Clarke (UCL)
      468.Elisabeth Camp (Rutgers)
      469.Roy Ben-Shai (Haverford)
      470.Kimberly Garchar (Kent State University)
      471.Daniel Silvermint (University of Connecticut)
      472.Carrie Figdor (University of Iowa)
      473.Christopher Frey (University of South Carolina)
      474.Karyn Freedman (University of Guelph)
      475.Tim Bayne (University of Manchester)
      476.Anna Alexandrova (University of Cambridge)
      477.Dan Weiskopf (Georgia State University)
      478.Robert Metcalf (University of Colorado Denver)
      479.Chelsea Haramia (Spring Hill College)
      480.Richard M. Burian (Virginia Tech)
      481.Katia Vavova (Mount Holyoke College)
      482.Ted Hinchman (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
      483.Francois Raffoul (Louisiana State University)
      484.John Rudisill (The College of Wooster)
      485.Julien Murzi (University of Kent)
      486.James Griesemer (University of California, Davis)
      487.Rik Hine (Texas Christian University)
      488.Jay Odenbaugh (Lewis & Clark)
      489.Fernando Broncano (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)
      490.Jonathan Kaplan (Oregon State University)
      491.Saray Ayala (Carlos III University of Madrid)
      492.Margaret Urban Walker (Marquette University)
      493.Bonnie Mann (University of Oregon)
      494.Justin Klocksiem (University of Alabama)
      495.Nancy E. Snow (Marquette University)
      496.Alan C. Love (University of Minnesota)
      497.Grace Clement (Salisbury University)
      498.Scott L. Pratt (University of Oregon)
      499.Jason Baehr (Loyola Marymount University)
      500.Kirk Ludwig (Indiana University)
      501.Paul L. Franco (University of Washington)
      502.Anthony Peressini (Marquette University)
      503.Paul Livingston (University of New Mexico)
      504.Lewis Powell (Buffalo)
      505.Peter Hanks (University of Minnesota)
      506.Alison M. Jaggar (University of Colorado at Boulder)
      507.Berislav Marusic (Brandeis University)
      508.Luca Ferrero (University of Wisconsin Milwaukee)
      509.Trenton Merricks (Virginia)
      510.Kristi Sweet (Texas A&M University)
      511.Adrian Wilding (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena)
      512.Shelley Park (University of Central Florida)
      513.Nathan Andersen (Eckerd College)
      514.Jeff Yoshimi (UC Merced)
      515.Geoffrey Hellman (University of Minnesota)
      516.Mark Richard (Harvard)
      517.Nathan Andersen (Eckerd College)
      518.Andrew J. Mitchell (Emory)
      519.Jacob Beck (York University)
      520.Robert May (UC Davis)
      521.Tyler Burge (UCLA)
      522.Mark Schroeder (University of Southern California)
      523.Nico Orlandi (University of California at Santa Cruz)
      524.Stephanie Jenkins (Oregon State)
      525.Patrick Rysiew (University of Victoria)
      526.Kevin Klement (UMass-Amherst)
      527.Guy Fletcher (Edinburgh)
      528.Federica Russo (University of Amsterdam)
      529.Elijah Chudnoff (Miami)
      530.Mark Sprevak (Edinburgh)
      531.Miranda Fricker (University of Sheffield)
      532.Bob Hale (University of Sheffield)
      533.Matthew McGrath (University of Missouri)
      534.Jason Burke Murphy (Elms College)
      535.Kimberley Baltzer-Jaray (King’s University College)
      536.Simon Fokt (University of Leeds)
      537.Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen (Yonsei University)
      538.Eric Swanson (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor)
      539.Bat-Ami Bar On (Binghamton University–SUNY)
      540.George S Botterill (Sheffield)
      541.Fabrizio Cariani (Northwestern University)
      542.Michael Beaney (University of York)
      543.Jonathan Quong (University of Southern California)
      544.John G McEvoy (University of Cincinnati)
      545.Dale Dorsey (University of Kansas)
      546.Gabriel Uzquiano (USC)
      547.Robert K. Garcia (Texas A&M University)
      548.Catharine Abell (University of Manchester)
      549.Thomas Polger (University of Cincinnati)
      550.Valerie Gray Hardcastle (University of Cincinnati)
      551.J. Colin McQuillan (St. Mary’s University)
      552.Michael Scott (Manchester)
      553.Robin Jeshion (University of Southern California)
      554.Jamie Dow (University of Leeds)
      555.John Nolt (University of Tennessee)
      556.Robert Sinnerbrink (Macquarie University)
      557.Eugene Kleist (Baldwin Wallace University)
      558.Han van Wietmarschen (UCL)
      559.L. Syd M Johnson (Michigan Tech)
      560.Mark T. Nelson (Westmont College)
      561.Brian King (Brasenose College, Oxford)
      562.Amy Reed-Sandoval (UTEP)
      563.Bernd Buldt (IPFW)
      564.Kenneth Shockley (Buffalo)
      565.Kevin Scharp (Ohio State University)
      566.Colin Klein (Macquarie University)
      567.Josep E. Corbí (University of Valencia, Spain)
      568.Ian James Kidd (Durham University and the University of Leeds)
      569.Fiona Leigh (University College London)
      570.R. Dennis Potter (Utah Valley University)
      571.Joseph Levine (UMass Amherst)
      572.Clare Chambers (University of Cambridge)
      573.Alan Hájek (Australian National University)
      574.Kevin Gibson (Marquette University)
      575.Stephen Read (University of St Andrews)
      576.Matt Zwolinski (University of San Diego)
      577.David McNaughton (Florida State University)
      578.Heather Logue (University of Leeds)
      579.Christina Van Dyke (Calvin College)
      580.John Roberts (Florida State University)
      581.Sebastian Watzl (University of Oslo)
      582.Erinn Gilson (University of North Florida)
      583.Marguerite Deslauriers (McGill University)
      584.Stephan Blatti (University of Memphis)
      585.Tamar Schapiro (Stanford)
      586.Louise Antony (University of Massachusetts Amherst)
      587.Ian Proops (University of Texas at Austin)
      588.Eric Olson (University of Sheffield)
      589.Richard Moran (Harvard)
      590.John Protevi (LSU)
      591.Melinda Hall (Stetson University)
      592.Alisa Carse (Georgetown University)
      593.Karolina Hübner (University of Toronto)
      594.Rachel Ankeny (University of Adelaide)
      595.Catherine Herfeld (Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy)
      596.Jay L Garfield (Yale-NUS College, National University of Singapore, Smith College, University of Melbourne, and Central University of Tibetan Studies)
      597.Ann Cudd (University of Kansas)
      598.Donna Engelmann (Alverno College)
      599.Diane Perpich (Clemson University)
      600.David Hunter (Ryerson University)
      601.Melinda Hogan (Kwantlen Polytechnic University)
      602.James Maclaurin (Otago)
      603.Jack C. Lyons (University of Arkansas)
      604.Roger Stanev (University of Ottawa)
      605.Alistair Welchman (University of Texas at San Antonio)
      606.Kevin Vallier (Bowling Green State University)
      607.Judith Norman (Trinity University)
      608.Patrick Beach (Coastal Carolina University)
      609.Zach Weber (University of Otago)
      610.Garrett Cullity (University of Adelaide)
      611.Felix Pinkert (Oxford)
      612.Natalie Stoljar (McGill)
      613.Jessica Leech (University of Sheffield)
      614.Antony Eagle (University of Adelaide)
      615.Andrea Scarantino (Georgia State University)
      616.Megan Delehanty (University of Calgary)
      617.David Manley (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor)
      618.Irad Kimhi (University of Chicago)
      619.Adriano Palma (University of KwaZulu-Natal)
      620.Erik Angner (George Mason University)
      621.Garson Leder (University of British Columbia)
      622.İrem Kurtsal Steen (Boğaziçi University)
      623.Chad Kautzer (University of Colorado—Denver)
      624.Irfan Khawaja (Felician College)

      • Warren Terra

        You probably didn’t need to post all those names. Impressive, but 600-odd lines of scrolling can vex.

        • Unemployed_Northeastern

          The power of visual aids…

        • JR in WV

          No, no. The power of swipe, copy, paste to legitimate your position, the number of supporters you have, etc.

          Just hold the page-down key if you don’t want to read the whole list… like I did.

        • I liked it.

      • sibusisodan

        So a bunch of people have registered disapproval of a ranking system by joining a list where some of them have higher numbers than others…rookie mistake!

        • Unemployed_Northeastern

          Not disapproval of the ranking system so much as disapproval of the individual who was in charge of those rankings.

      • cpinva

        “620.Erik Angner (George Mason University)”

        he managed to actually piss off an instructor at GMU, with his rightwingnut tirades? pretty damn impressive!

  • OhioDocReviewer

    Given the Youtube clip embed above, it seems fitting that Leiter in German means “leader.”

    • Mtrost

      Kidding?

      Leiter means ladder.

      (yeah. Realized my mistake while typing it. But being a native German speaker: I really didn’t get it at first, because the Youtube clip just forced Führer into my head. Anyway: Leiter is more often used as ladder. Somehow fitting too, but can’t put it in words, it was a long day and I go to bed now – after I finish my nightly LGM bedtime stories)

      • Steve LaBonne

        You mean a Gauleiter wasn’t a regional ladder?

        • liberalrob

          Also, Steiner better have something to do with drinking beer or I will be disappoint.

  • bh

    You know who else suffered from paranoid delusions of grandeur as his world crumbled around him?

    David Miscavige?

    • tsam

      Wile E. Coyote

      • liberalrob

        Tony Montana?

        • tsam

          Ernst Stavro Blofeld.

        • AcademicLurker

          Tony Montana?

          The final scene of Scarface with Brian Leiter substituting for Pacino is quite an image.

          • OhioDocReviewer

            “Say hello to my Leiter blog!”

  • thebewilderness

    Off topic, sorta. Blog wars remind me of my salad days when there were lefty and righty papers in ever town and they hurled invective back and forth to sell papers. Follow the money.

    • JustRuss

      I confess, I fell for it and extended my LGM subscription. At least I’ll enjoy the tote bag.

      • cpinva

        you got a tote bag? damn!

  • Fred

    Thanks for posting those links. I haven’t laughed so hard in a long, long time.

  • cpinva

    alright campos, you and the rest of the LGM Gang o’ Thugs have had your fun. just admit you all hacked into Leiter’s blog and planted all that nonsense, just to make him look like a fool, and maybe the judge will go easy on you. first time offender and all that. what, you couldn’t find spencer to add a little decent art work to it?

    oh, wait, Leiter doesn’t need any help to look like a fool. what was I thinking????????!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    never mind!

  • OhioDocReviewer

    Brian Leiter is General Zod with an Ivy League pedigree.

    • CD

      Leiter doesn’t have an Ivy League pedigree. He apparently went to Princeton, but after that it was just University of Michigan. A decent school, not knocking it, but not as prestigious or selective as most of the Ivies for philosophy, particularly at the time he got in, and in academia your pedigree is largely determined by your graduate school.

      I would suspect his obsessing over rankings and prestige, which apparently started when he was at UM, stems from his not getting into an Ivy League program, and the resulting obsession with proving that UM was an “elite” school and some of the schools that (presumably) rejected him weren’t that great. But that’s just a guess.

      • OhioDocReviewer

        Leiter is every bit as consumed with rankings and prestige minutiae as the sociopathic posters on XOXOHTH.

  • observer

    First time I’ve ever read anything written by Brian Leiter and it was a waste of time.

    Some words come to mind: immature, melodramatic, and (unintentionally) funny. But mostly melodramatic.

    Does that man actually believe a tenured professor can be fired for blogging about current events, policy, the fact the sun is shining?

    Next he will hold forth that Antonin Scalia should be fired for citing Campos’ research and writing. And what a hoot that will be.

    I know there is a sense that academics have insanely cushy jobs, but how cushy of a job would it be if you had to deal with a person(s) so patently underdeveloped as a person(s)…all.the.time. No thank you.

    • dupednontraditional

      Agreed. The real world is no cake walk by any means, but at least there are some social norms that help regulate behavior, future business relationships, conflict resolution and the like. The fear of burning bridges, unless you really do want to wreck everything completely, tends to bring people back to the bargaining table.

      Academic tenure, on the other hand, seems to be the last stronghold for those certain sociopaths who just can’t deal with reality on a daily basis, and, frankly, can’t cut it in any other environment. While their academic contribution may outweigh their sociopathy in rare cases, the overall truth is that some of these folks need help, pure and simple.

      There is no shame in that, unless you already believe your are the ubermensch, of course.

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