Been on the road for a bit, getting back into the swing of things…
Congress wants a study on whether to re-open the F-22 Raptor line. This is a complicated question. Way back when, I supported the decision to kill the F-22 at 187 planes, largely because the F-35 looked like it was going reasonably well, and because of other priorities. Since that time the F-35 project has nose-dived, and the F-22 has performed exceptionally well, notwithstanding some issues at high altitude. I think it’s fair to say at this point that the decision to kill the F-22 in favor of the F-35 was wrong.*
That doesn’t make restarting the F-22 line necessarily the right thing to do, however. For one, restarting any line is extremely expensive, even when all of the tooling and the procedures have been locked down. Workforce has to be trained (or rehired), factories have to be spooled up, etc. The bump will all be in capability; new F-22s will cost more than new F-35s. Moreover, the ban on F-22 export remains in place, meaning that it will still likely be impossible to recoup any expenses through an export model. Finally, although the F-22 is awesome, it’s also old; re-opening the project at this point means committing to a fighter that’s been in development since the 1980s, and in production since the 1990s.
It’s also worth noting that the worm can turn pretty quickly on the evaluation of defense projects. Eight years ago the F-22 was an expensive disaster, incapable of contributing in a meaningful way to the COIN fights going on in Iraq and Afghanistan. Now, it is widely acknowledged by aviation experts to be the finest fighter in the world, a good distance ahead of any competitor currently flying, and most still on the drawing board. The F-15 and F-16 (especially the latter) followed similar paths.
*Let’s take some care on this sentence; it takes no position on whether killing the F-22 to fund, say, schools or free Toyota Corollas or new battleships or anything else would have been a good idea. Defense procurement decisions are generally of the branch rather than the root variety